About 50 million Americans are affected by acne each year. This makes it the most common skin condition in our country. Often the first symptoms begin in adolescence and persist as adults. About 85% of teens and young adults (ages 12 to 24) experience mild to severe acne in their younger years. Thankfully, there are great treatment options, but the skin condition can be persistent. As almost everyone has a chance of getting acne, it’s good to know how you can recognize acne and what types of acne and treatment options exist.
What Is Acne?
First, it is good to understand what acne is, because the occasional pimple on your forehead, because you have an oily hairline, is not called acne. So when does something become acne, and what does it do to your body? When a person suffers from this inflammatory skin condition, the oil glands at the base of the hair follicles are clogged by oil, dead skin cells, and other filth. This manifests itself in severe and large pustules – inflamed hair follicles. Acne is mainly caused by androgen hormones. A combination of hypersensitivity to the activity of these hormones, poor skin care, and fatty acids within oil glands can cause the likelihood of acne. Other risk factors include: picking at acne sores, clothing & headgear, air pollution & humid weather, stress, medication, genetics, and the menstrual cycle. The skin condition is most recognizable on the face, but it can also be on other areas of the body, such as the shoulders, neck, back, chest, and upper arms.
Types of Acne
Acne can show itself in different forms. These forms include:
- Fungal acne
Blackheads are open bumps that may fill with excess oil & dead skin. You might think it’s dirt, but the dark spots are caused by light reflection off the clogged follicle. Whiteheads are closed clogged follicles. Fungal acne happens when a yeast excess clogs the hair follicles. Continue reading on the next page and find out how to recognize acne and possible treatment options.