Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common and occur when bacteria enter the urinary system, causing infection. Recognizing a UTI involves symptoms such as a strong, persistent urge to urinate, a burning sensation during urination, cloudy or bloody urine, and discomfort in the lower abdomen. UTIs can be caused by various factors, including poor hygiene, sexual activity, and certain medical conditions. To treat a UTI, doctors usually prescribe antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection. Drinking plenty of water and urinating frequently can help flush out bacteria from the urinary tract. It is important to complete the full course of antibiotics as directed. Preventive measures include practicing good hygiene, urinating before and after sexual activity, and staying hydrated. If symptoms persist or worsen, medical attention should be sought for proper diagnosis and treatment.