Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): Types, Triggers, Symptoms & Treatment

PTSD: you’ve probably heard of it, or perhaps you suspect you suffer from it. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder – the medical name – is a disorder that affects about 6% of our population at least once in their lifetime. Although most people link this disorder with deployed military personnel experiencing a traumatic situation – like a bombing or a friend dying in the field, this can happen to everyone. The consequences of PTSD can end in disaster. Therefore, it is incredibly important to know what PTSD is, what triggers it, whether there are any treatments, and most importantly, how to recognize the disorder in yourself or your loved ones.

Causes & Triggers of PTSD
PTSD can result from experiencing a situation after which you experience trauma. Trauma is a shocking and dangerous moment you experience. This does not mean that you are always the victim in the case. Trauma can also occur when you witness a violent situation. This isn’t rare, about 6 out of 10 men and 5 out of 10 women experience at least one traumatizing situation in their life. Possible triggers that can cause PTSD are:

  • Military combat (deployment)
  • Accidents, including fire
  • Natural disasters like hurricanes & tornados
  • Physical abuse
  • Sexual assault or rape
  • Sudden death
  • Terrorist attack

Not everyone has to develop this mental health issue after experiencing trauma – about 10% of men and 20% of women experience trauma – develop PTSD. There are several factors that play a major role in whether a person develops PTSD. For example: getting injured during the event, lack of support after the event, it’s repeated or long-lasting trauma, personal history with anxiety and/or depression, or very intense trauma, like military combat or sexual abuse.

Therefore, it is extremely important to keep talking after a traumatic situation and in this way process the trauma. This does not mean that talking about trauma prevents PTSD. For as much as the medical community wants to know what exactly develops PTSD in victims of trauma, they still don’t know. Continue reading on the next page and find out, among other things, how you can recognize PTSD in others and yourself.