ADHD: Types, Symptoms & Treatment Options

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, better known as ADHD, is the most common mental health disorder affecting (young) children. About 5% of the children in our country are affected by the disorder, which can make their lives pretty hard. Especially if the child doesn’t know why he or she had such a hard time. ADHD, being a common mental health disorder among children, doesn’t mean you grow out of it at a later age. Sometimes, the diagnosis is not made until much later in life – think as an adult. Most patients wish they would have been diagnosed much sooner because, with the proper treatment, ADHD patients can live a wonderful life. Unfortunately, diagnosing ADHD can be quite hard, which is why it’s good to know what the difference is between a child with behavioral issues or a child suffering from ADHD, and how you can recognize the mental health disorder.

Causes & Types of ADHD
The main cause of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is still unknown, but scientists do know that genetics play a big part in if a child gets ADHD or not. Additionally, we know that a number of risk factors increase the likelihood of ADHD in a child. So ADHD in a child can have a variety of reasons and often it is hard to really tell if something is really the reason or if it is a confluence of circumstances. Risk factors of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder are:

  • Brain injuries
  • Exposure to environmental risk during the pregnancy
  • Drinking alcohol and smoking during pregnancy
  • Premature delivery
  • Low birth weight

There are 3 types of ADHD. They are called predominantly inattentive presentation, predominantly hyperactive/impulsive presentation, and combined presentation; all types have their own symptoms and over time this too can change. It may very well be that as a child you suffered from combined presentation, but as an adult, you only exhibited the symptoms of one of the other 2 types. Of course, the big questions remain, how can you recognize ADHD in a child? When should you contact your professional healthcare provider? And is ADHD treatable – or perhaps even curable? You’ll read it all on the next page. So continue reading on quickly.